Kutahya is a small province of western Aegean Turkey that lies on the Porsuk River and shelter a population of around 250,000, and situated at 930 meters above the sea level, Kutahya is the capital of the Kutahya province and is nestled beneath a ruined hilltop fortress.
You can reach Kutahya by bus, car or train. The nearest airport is Afyon. The city is well connected by railroad with Balikesir (250 kilometers West), Konya (450 kilometers south-east), Izmir (334 kilometers West) and Ankara (300 kilometers East). If you come from Istanbul then you can take a ferry to cross the Sea of Marmara and then catch a bus from Yalova or Bursa.
HISTORY OF KUTAHYA
The history of the region dates back to as early as 3rd millennium B.C. when it was called Kotiaion or Cotyaeum – "the city of the Goddess Kotys". Around 12th century, the region got attached to the Phrygian kingdom and thus became the most important city of the country. Even when the Phrygian kingdom collapsed, Kotiaion retained its strong position.
In 1071 C.E. the Seljuks conquered the city only to lose and re-conquer it from the European crusaders. Around 1302 Kutahya became the capital of Germiyan Turkmen principality and in the next century it became part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1514, Sultan Selim-defeated the Persians and resettled the tile workers from Tebriz in Kutahya and Iznik, thus leading the city to emerge as an Ottoman center of ceramic industries. Much later, in the 19th century, with the growth of Eskisehir, Kutahya lost some of its glamour and economic importance.